About This Blog



Second Lighthouse

Second Lighthouse

Original Light

Original Light
Louisbourg Lighthouse Day is on August 21, 11AM---- 3PM in conjunction with parks Canada celebratiing 276th year of the first lighthouse in Canada.Barbecue live music,cannon firings , drumming, costumed re-enactors, Talks about the light, last keeper of the lighthouse in Louisbourg, walk the new beautiful lighthouse trail.Everyone welcome.It will be a fun day!!!!

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place
The Tower at Louisbourg is situated on a rugged site at the north side of the entrance to Louisbourg Harbour. The octagonal tower is a tapered, reinforced concrete structure built in a classically inspired design. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value
The Tower at Louisbourg is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
The Tower at Louisbourg is strongly associated with the theme of aids to navigation in Canada. The current Tower is the fourth to have been built on this same site, the site of the first lighthouse in Canada. The Tower at Louisbourg contains a plaque marking the construction of the first tower by the French in 1731-1733 and commemorates the defence of Louisbourg. The Tower continues the tradition of serving the active marine community of Louisbourg and acts as a coastal light as well as an indication of the entrance to the Louisbourg Harbour.

Architectural Value
The aesthetic quality of the Tower at Louisbourg is very good. Designed in a classical style, the structure was built to a plan that was used on one other occasion for the Tower at George’s Island in Halifax Harbour. The classical influence in its design is evidenced in the tower’s columnar form, with its defined base, shaft and capital. The Tower also displays very good craftsmanship such as the exaggerated voussoirs scribed in the concrete to simulate rustic masonry.

Environmental Value
The Tower at Louisbourg, as the only structure on its site, reinforces the character of its coastal maritime setting and is a prominent landmark on the coastline.

Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 90-267; Heritage Character Statement, 90-267.

Character-Defining Elements
The character-defining elements of the Tower should be respected.

Its aesthetic design with classical detailing, good materials and very good craftsmanship,
for example:
- its tapered octagonal form with a defined base, shaft and capital;
- its reinforced concrete construction;
- its deep horizontal channels and exaggerated voussoirs scribed in the concrete of the lower storey of the tower;
- its pedimented windows;
- its octagonal lantern and lantern platform supported on decorative brackets;
- the traditional Canadian Coast Guard colour scheme of white with a red lantern.

The manner in which the Tower reinforces the character of its maritime coastal setting and is a prominent landmark on the coastline, as evidenced by:
- its overall design, scale and appearance which stands against its rugged coastal environment;
- its high visibility and familiarity to the marine community in the area, and to residents of Louisbourg, as well as to visitors frequenting the Visitor Reception Centre area of the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site of Canada.


Nova Scotia
Street Address
   Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site of Canada / Lieu historique national du Canada de la Forteresse-de-Louisbourg



Recognition Authority
Government of Canada
Recognition Statute
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognition Type
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Recognition Date

Historical Information

Construction Date(s)
1922 to 1924
Significant Date(s)
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
Navigational Aid or Lighthouse
Architect / Designer
Department of Marine and Fisheries

Additional Information

Related Listing(s)

Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

HomeSite MapSearch this SiteContact UsAbout UsFAQ
Last updated: 25/03/2010 Page Top Important Notices
Canada’s First Lighthouse and the Fortress of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island

The Louisbourg Lighthouse (Part I - constructing the light 1923/24)  - 
Bill O’Shea

The present-day Louisbourg light came into service on February 1, 1924 after a fire eight months earlier destroyed the lighthouse built in 1842.[i] It was constructed in reinforced concrete by E.M. Dickson of Sydney for the federal Department of Marine and Fisheries. Abutting the tower is the base of the 18th century French light.  A short distance away is the foundation of the 1842 lighthouse. The modern light continues a tradition of navigational security on the east coast of Cape Breton bridging four centuries. The 3 lights together represent a significant heritage resource.

 The French Louisbourg lighthouse, lit in April 1734, was a victim of the siege of 1758. 1 The ruined tower stood as a landmark for passing ships for years, 2 and Cape Breton’s coast remained dark for more than two generations.
After 1826, the General Mining Association consolidated the mines around Sydney harbour and shipped coal to ports on the Atlantic coast. 3 In support of this effort, a lighthouse was built at Low Point in 1832 to aid vessels entering Sydney harbour. 
In the same year, a wooden beacon was erected at Louisbourg on the site of the French lighthouse. 4 Lighthouse commissioner James Tidmarsh had recommended a ballasted white-painted pyramid, rising 15 or 20 feet from an 8 foot square base. He wrote that the Louisbourg beacon pointed out the true passage of the harbour and served as a guide along the shore. 5It cost £26.5.0. 6

About Me

My Photo
Louisbourg Town
The community of Louisbourg with a population of 1265 is located on the southeast coast of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. It is easily accessible by road and air. Louisbourg's major attraction is the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site. It has a facinating history and the site of 2 of Canada's major Battles,Friendly folk and Beautiful scenery raging surf and sandy beaches also await you in Louisbourg.
View my complete profile